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    【实验报告】 池锝网 2018-06-15本文已影响

    篇一:ospf实验报告

    O实实实 1实现 RRRRRRRRRo OSPF实验目的1.Ospf 实现2.分析 ospf3.分析 cost实验拓扑实验步骤1.全网配现单区域Router en Router#conf tRouter(configRouter(configRouter(configRouter(configRouter(configRouter(configRouter(configo shuRouter(F 单的 : 现全网互通 路由 的作用 扑图 : 骤: 配置 IP 地域全网互t g)#interface sg-if)#clock ratg-if)#ip addreg-if)#no shutdg)#int s1/0 g-if)#clock ratg-if)#ip addreconfig-if)#no区 域址,开启互通。

     

    s1/1 te 64000 ess 20.20.20.2down te 64000 ess 30.30.30.1shutdown域 配 置启 ospf 路2 255.255.251 255.255.25置实路由协议5.0 5.0 实 验 报议,公布所报 告所有网段告 段, Router en Router#conf t Router(config)#interface s1/1 Router(config-if)#ip address 30.30.30.2 255.255.255.0 Router(config-if)#no shutdown Router(config)#interface s1/0 Router(config-if)#clock rate 64000 Router(config-if)#ip address 40.40.40.1 255.255.255.0 Router(config-if)#no shutdown Router en Router#conf t Router(config)#interface f0/1 Router(config-if)#ip address 10.10.10.254 255.255.255.0 Router(config-if)#no shutdown Router(config-if)#int s1/2 Router(config-if)#ip address 20.20.20.1 255.255.255.0 Router(config-if)#no shutdown Router(config-if)#int f0/0 Router(config-if)#ip address 50.50.50.1 255.255.255.0 Router(config-if)#no shutdown Router en Router#conf t Router(config)#interface f0/1 Router(config-if)#ip address 50.50.50.2 255.255.255.0 Router(config-if)#no shutdown Router(config-if)#int s1/0 Router(config-if)#ip address 40.40.40.2 255.255.255.0 Router(config-if)#no shutdown Router(config-if)#int f0/0 Router(config-if)#ip address 60.60.60.254 255.255.255.0 Router(config-if)#no shutdown Router(config)#router ospf 100 Router(config-router)#router-id 3.3.3.3 Router(config-router)#network 10.10.10.0 0.0.0.255 area 0 Router(config-router)#network 50.50.50.0 0.0.0.255 area 0 Router(config-router)#network 20.20.20.0 0.0.0.255 area 0 Router(config)#router ospf 100 Router(config-router)#router-id 1.1.1.1 Router(config-router)#network 20.20.20.0 0.0.0.255 area 0 Router(config-router)#network 30.30.30.0 0.0.0.255 area 0 Router(config)#router ospf 100 Router(config-router)#router-id 2.2.2.2 Router(config-router)#network 30.30.30.0 0.0.0.255 area 0 Router(config-router)#network 40.40.40.0 0.0.0.255 area 0 Router(config)#router ospf 100 Router(config-router)#router-id 4.4.4.4 Router(config-router)#network 40.40.40.0 0.0.0.255 area 0 Router(config-router)#network 50.50.50.0 0.0.0.255 area 0 Router(config-router)#network 60.60.60..0 0.0.0.255 area 0 至此,全网互通!!! 2. 分析 RT3 去往 60.60.60.0/24 的路由 Router#show ip route Codes: C - connected, S - static, I - IGRP, R - RIP, M - mobile, B - BGP D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRP external, O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2, E - EGP i - IS-IS, L1 - IS-IS level-1, L2 - IS-IS level-2, ia - IS-IS inter area * - candidate default, U - per-user static route, o - ODR P - periodic downloaded static route Gateway of last resort is not set 10.0.0.0/24 is subnetted, 1 subnets C 10.10.10.0 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/1 20.0.0.0/24 is subnetted, 1 subnets C 20.20.20.0 is directly connected, Serial1/0 30.0.0.0/24 is subnetted, 1 subnets O 30.30.30.0 [110/128] via 20.20.20.1, 00:06:33, Serial1/0 40.0.0.0/24 is subnetted, 1 subnets O 40.40.40.0 [110/65] via 50.50.50.4, 00:03:49, FastEthernet0/0 50.0.0.0/24 is subnetted, 1 subnets C 50.50.50.0 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/0 60.0.0.0/24 is subnetted, 1 subnets O 60.60.60.0 [110/2] via 50.50.50.4, 00:03:39, FastEthernet0/0 分析得出 R3 上去往 60.60.60.0/24 的下一跳为 50.50.50.4.,路径为 R3-R4 3、 当人为将 RT3 f0/0 端口 shutdown,再检查 RT3 路由表去往 60.60.60.0/24 的路由。并且比较之前路由区别在哪里 ! Router#show ip route Codes: C - connected, S - static, I - IGRP, R - RIP, M - mobile, B - BGP D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRP external, O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2, E - EGP i - IS-IS, L1 - IS-IS level-1, L2 - IS-IS level-2, ia - IS-IS inter area * - candidate default, U - per-user static route, o - ODR P - periodic downloaded static route Gateway of last resort is not set 10.0.0.0/24 is subnetted, 1 subnets C 10.10.10.0 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/1 20.0.0.0/24 is subnetted, 1 subnets C 20.20.20.0 is directly connected, Serial1/0 30.0.0.0/24 is subnetted, 1 subnets O 30.30.30.0 [110/128] via 20.20.20.1, 00:02:48, Serial1/0 40.0.0.0/24 is subnetted, 1 subnets O 40.40.40.0 [110/192] via 20.20.20.1, 00:00:10, Serial1/0 60.0.0.0/24 is subnetted, 1 subnets O 60.60.60.0 [110/193] via 20.20.20.1, 00:00:10, Serial1/0 可以看到,由于 R3,R4 中间链路中断,R3 去往 60.60.60.0/24 的下一跳发生改变,路径为 R3-R1-R2-R4 4.修改 R3 上 f0/0 的 cost 值影响选路 Router(config-if)#ip ospf cost 1111 Router#show ip route Codes: C - connected, S - static, I - IGRP, R - RIP, M - mobile, B - BGP D - EIGRP, EX - EIGRP external, O - OSPF, IA - OSPF inter area N1 - OSPF NSSA external type 1, N2 - OSPF NSSA external type 2 E1 - OSPF external type 1, E2 - OSPF external type 2, E - EGP i - IS-IS, L1 - IS-IS level-1, L2 - IS-IS level-2, ia - IS-IS inter area * - candidate default, U - per-user static route, o - ODR P - periodic downloaded static route Gateway of last resort is not set 10.0.0.0/24 is subnetted, 1 subnets C 10.10.10.0 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/1 20.0.0.0/24 is subnetted, 1 subnets C 20.20.20.0 is directly connected, Serial1/0 30.0.0.0/24 is subnetted, 1 subnets O 30.30.30.0 [110/128] via 20.20.20.1, 00:09:06, Serial1/0 40.0.0.0/24 is subnetted, 1 subnets O 40.40.40.0 [110/192] via 20.20.20.1, 00:00:19, Serial1/0 50.0.0.0/24 is subnetted, 1 subnets C 50.50.50.0 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/0 60.0.0.0/24 is subnetted, 1 subnets O 60.60.60.0 [110/193] via 20.20.20.1, 00:00:19, Serial1/0 可以看到,R3F0/0 接口 cost 值修改完成后,R3 去往 60.60.60.0 /24 的下一跳发生改变,路径为 R3-R1-R2-R4 至此,实验完成!!!

    篇二:ospf实验报告

    1.1 实验任务在网络中为路由器配置Loopback地址,组建OSPF的Stubby区域、主干区域和NSSA区域,配置虚链路和RIP路由协议。 1.2 实验环境和网络拓扑  1.3 完成标准(1)  按照拓扑图要求连接路由器,在R1和R2间配置Stu区域,在R2和R3间配置虚链路,在R3和R4 间配置主干区,在R4和R5间配置NSSA区域,在R5和R6间配置RIP路由。(2)  检查路由表,所有路由器间都能通信。  2.详细操作步骤 Step 1: 配置路由器 路由器R1配置如下:Router enRouter#conf tEnter configuration commands, one per line.  End with CNTL/Z.Router(config)#ho R1R1(config)#interface loopback 0  //配置Loopback地址R1(config-if)#ip address 1.1.1.1 255.0.0.0R1(config-if)#interface f0/0  //配置端口IPR1(config-if)#ip address 192.168.10.1 255.255.255.0R1(config-if)#no shutR1(config-if)#exit*Dec  8 21:22:42.559: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface FastEthernet0/0, changed state to up*Dec  8 21:22:43.559: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface FastEthernet0/0, changed state to upR1(config)#interface f0/0R1(config-if)#duplex full  //设置端口全双工模式R1(config-if)#exitR1(config)#router ospf 1  //配置进程为1的OSPFR1(config-router)#network 192.168.10.0 0.0.0.255 area 1  //配置区域1的网段R1(config-router)#area 1 stub  //配置区域1为末梢区域R1(config-router)#exit*Dec  8 21:31:14.959: %OSPF-5-ADJCHG: Process 1, Nbr 2.2.2.2 on FastEthernet0/0 from LOADING to FULL, Loading DoneR1(config)#exit 路由器R2配置如下:Router enRouter#conf tEnter configuration commands, one per line.  End with CNTL/Z.Router(config)#ho R2R2(config)#interface loopback 0  //配置Loopback地址R2(config-if)#ip address 2.2.2.2 255.0.0.0R2(config-if)#interface f1/1  //配置端口IPR2(config-if)#ip address 192.168.10.2 255.255.255.0R2(config-if)#no shut*Dec  8 21:23:38.195: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface FastEthernet1/1, changed state to up*Dec  8 21:23:39.195: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface FastEthernet1/1, changed state to upR2(config-if)#interface f0/0  //配置端口IPR2(config-if)#ip address 192.168.20.1 255.255.255.0R2(config-if)#no shut*Dec  8 21:24:06.279: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface FastEthernet0/0, changed state to up*Dec  8 21:24:07.279: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface FastEthernet0/0, changed state to upR2(config-if)#duplex full  //设置端口全双工模式R2(config-if)#exitR2(config)#router ospf 2  //配置进程为2的OSPFR2(config-router)#network 192.168.10.0 0.0.0.255 area 1  //配置区域1的网段R2(config-router)#area 1 stub  //配置区域1为末梢区域*Dec  8 21:31:14.311: %OSPF-5-ADJCHG: Process 2, Nbr 1.1.1.1 on FastEthernet1/1from LOADING to FULL, Loading DoneR2(config-router)#network 192.168.20.0 0.0.0.255 area 2  //配置区域2的网段R2(config-router)#exit*Dec  8 21:32:22.555: %OSPF-5-ADJCHG: Process 2, Nbr 3.3.3.3 on FastEthernet0/0 from LOADING to FULL, Loading DoneR2(config)#router ospf 2R2(config-router)#area 2 virtual-link 3.3.3.3  //配置区域2虚链路为R3的RIDR2(config-router)#exit*Dec  8 21:38:31.471: %OSPF-5-ADJCHG: Process 2, Nbr 3.3.3.3 on OSPF_VL0 from LOADING to FULL, Loading DoneR2(config)#exit 路由器R3配置如下:Router enRouter#conf tEnter configuration commands, one per line.  End with CNTL/Z.Router(config)#ho R3R3(config)#interface loopback 0  //配置Loopback地址R3(config-if)#ip address 3.3.3.3 255.0.0.0R3(config-if)#interface f1/1  //配置端口IPR3(config-if)#ip address 192.168.20.2 255.255.255.0R3(config-if)#no shutR3(config-if)#interface f0/0  //配置端口IPR3(config-if)#ip address 192.168.30.1 255.255.255.0R3(config-if)#no shutR3(config-if)#*Dec  8 21:26:20.175: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface FastEthernet0/0, changed state to up*Dec  8 21:26:21.175: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface FastEthernet0/0, changed state to upR3(config-if)#duplex full    //设置端口全双工模式R3(config-if)#exitR3(config)#router ospf 3  //配置进程为3的OSPFR3(config-router)#network 192.168.20.0 0.0.0.255 area 2  //配置区域2的网段*Dec  8 21:32:22.947: %OSPF-5-ADJCHG: Process 3, Nbr 2.2.2.2 on FastEthernet1/1 from LOADING to FULL, Loading DoneR3(config-router)#network 192.168.30.0 0.0.0.255 area 0  //配置区域0的网段-骨干区域R3(config-router)#exit*Dec  8 21:33:11.855: %OSPF-5-ADJCHG: Process 3, Nbr 4.4.4.4 on FastEthernet0/0from LOADING to FULL, Loading Done*Dec  8 21:37:51.639: %OSPF-4-ERRRCV: Received invalid packet: mismatch area ID, from backbone area must be virtual-link but not found from 192.168.20.1, FastEthernet1/1R3(config)#router ospf 3R3(config-router)#area 2 virtual-link 2.2.2.2  //配置区域2虚链路为R2的RIDR3(config-router)#exit 路由器R4配置如下:Router enRouter#conf tEnter configuration commands, one per line.  End with CNTL/Z.Router(config)#ho R4R4(config)#interface loopback 0  //配置Loopback地址R4(config-if)#ip address 4.4.4.4 255.0.0.0R4(config-if)#interface f1/1  //配置端口IPR4(config-if)#ip address 192.168.30.2 255.255.255.0R4(config-if)#no shut*Dec  8 21:27:10.603: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface FastEthernet1/1, changed state to up*Dec  8 21:27:11.603: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface FastEthernet1/1, changed state to upR4(config-if)#interface f0/0  //配置端口IPR4(config-if)#ip address 192.168.40.1 255.255.255.0R4(config-if)#no shut*Dec  8 21:27:30.795: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface FastEthernet0/0, changed state to up*Dec  8 21:27:31.795: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface FastEthernet0/0, changed state to upR4(config-if)#duplex full  //设置端口全双工模式R4(config-if)#exitR4(config)#router ospf 4  //配置进程为4的OSPFR4(config-router)#network 192.168.30.0 0.0.0.255 area 0  //配置区域0的网段-骨干区域*Dec  8 21:33:12.371: %OSPF-5-ADJCHG: Process 4, Nbr 3.3.3.3 on FastEthernet1/1from LOADING to FULL, Loading DoneR4(config-router)#network 192.168.40.0 0.0.0.255 area 3  //配置区域3的网段R4(config-router)#area 3 nssa  //配置区域3为NSSA区域R4(config-router)#exit*Dec  8 21:34:29.371: %OSPF-5-ADJCHG: Process 4, Nbr 5.5.5.5 on FastEthernet0/0from LOADING to FULL, Loading DoneR4(config)#exit 路由器R5配置如下:Router enRouter#conf tEnter configuration commands, one per line.  End with CNTL/Z.Router(config)#ho R5R5(config)#interface loopback 0  //配置Loopback地址R5(config-if)#ip address 5.5.5.5 255.0.0.0R5(config-if)#interface f1/1  //配置端口IPR5(config-if)#ip address 192.168.40.2 255.255.255.0R5(config-if)#no shutR5(config-if)#*Dec  8 21:28:23.147: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface FastEthernet1/1, changed state to up*Dec  8 21:28:24.147: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface FastEthernet1/1, changed state to upR5(config-if)#interface f0/0  //配置端口IPR5(config-if)#ip address 192.168.50.1 255.255.255.0R5(config-if)#no shutR5(config-if)#*Dec  8 21:28:40.935: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface FastEthernet0/0, changed state to up*Dec  8 21:28:41.935: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface FastEthernet0/0, changed state to upR5(config-if)#duplex full  //设置端口全双工模式R5(config-if)#exitR5(config)#router ospf 5    //配置进程为5的OSPFR5(config-router)#network 192.168.40.0 0.0.0.255 area 3  //配置区域3的网段R5(config-router)#area 3 nssa  //配置区域3为NSSA区域*Dec  8 21:34:29.667: %OSPF-5-ADJCHG: Process 5, Nbr 4.4.4.4 on FastEthernet1/1 from LOADING to FULL, Loading DoneR5(config-router)#exitR5(config)#router rip  //配置RIP路由协议R5(config-router)#version 2  //版本2R5(config-router)#network 192.168.50.0  //路由到R5所在网段R5(config-router)#redistribute ospf 5 metric 10  //重分发进程5的OSPF度量值10R5(config-router)#exitR5(config)#router ospf 5R5(config-router)#redistribute rip subnets  //重分发RIP路由所有子网R5(config-router)#exitR5(config)#exit 路由器R6配置如下:Router enRouter#conf tEnter configuration commands, one per line.  End with CNTL/Z.Router(config)#ho R6R6(config)#interface loopback 0  //配置Loopback地址R6(config-if)#ip address 6.6.6.6 255.0.0.0R6(config-if)#interface f1/1  //配置端口IPR6(config-if)#ip address 192.168.50.2 255.255.255.0R6(config-if)#no shutR6(config-if)#exit*Dec  8 21:29:31.367: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface FastEthernet1/1, changed state to up*Dec  8 21:29:32.367: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface FastEthernet1/1, changed state to upR6(config)#router rip  //配置RIP路由协议R6(config-router)#version 2  //版本2R6(config-router)#network 192.168.50.0  //路由到R5所在网段R6(config-router)#network 6.0.0.0  //路由到Loopback网段R6(config-router)#exitStep 2: 检查各路由器上的路由表 路由器R1路由表显示如下:C  1.0.0.0/8 is directly connected, Loopback0//1.0.0.0/8网段直连,环路0O IA 192.168.30.0/24 [110/3] via 192.168.10.2, 00:00:31, FastEthernet0/0//OSPF Inter-Area 区域内192.168.30.0/24网段 [路径110/代价3]通过192.168.10.2 时间31秒,端口F0/0C  192.168.10.0/24 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/0//192.168.10.0/24网段直连,端口F0/0O IA 192.168.40.0/24 [110/4] via 192.168.10.2, 00:00:31, FastEthernet0/0//OSPF Inter-Area 区域内192.168.40.0/24 网段[路径110/代价4]通过192.168.10.2 时间31秒端口F0/0O IA 192.168.20.0/24 [110/2] via 192.168.10.2, 00:01:21, FastEthernet0/0//OSPF Inter-Area 区域内192.168.20.0/24网段 [路径110/代价2]通过192.168.10.2 时间21秒端口F0/0O*IA 0.0.0.0/0 [110/2] via 192.168.10.2, 00:01:21, FastEthernet0/0//OSPF 候选默认 Inter-Area 区域内 0.0.0.0/0网段[路径110/代价2]通过192.168.10.2 时间21秒端口F0/0 路由器R2路由表显示如下:C  2.0.0.0/8 is directly connected, Loopback0O  192.168.30.0/24 [110/2] via 192.168.20.2, 00:00:45, FastEthernet0/0C  192.168.10.0/24 is directly connected, FastEthernet1/1O IA 192.168.40.0/24 [110/3] via 192.168.20.2, 00:00:45, FastEthernet0/0O E2 6.0.0.0/8 [110/20] via 192.168.20.2, 00:00:45, FastEthernet0/0//OSPF External Type 2 外部路径类型2 6.0.0.0/8网段[路径110/代价20]通过192.168.20.2 时间45秒,端口F0/0C  192.168.20.0/24 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/0O E2 192.168.50.0/24 [110/20] via 192.168.20.2, 00:00:45, FastEthernet0/0//OSPF External Type 2 外部路径类型2 192.168.50.0/24网段[路径110/代价20]通过192.168.20.2 时间45秒,端口F0/0 路由器R3路由表显示如下:C  3.0.0.0/8 is directly connected, Loopback0C  192.168.30.0/24 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/0O IA 192.168.10.0/24 [110/2] via 192.168.20.1, 00:00:51, FastEthernet1/1O IA 192.168.40.0/24 [110/2] via 192.168.30.2, 00:00:51, FastEthernet0/0O E2 6.0.0.0/8 [110/20] via 192.168.30.2, 00:00:41, FastEthernet0/0C  192.168.20.0/24 is directly connected, FastEthernet1/1O E2 192.168.50.0/24 [110/20] via 192.168.30.2, 00:00:41, FastEthernet0/0 路由器R4路由表显示如下:C  192.168.30.0/24 is directly connected, FastEthernet1/1C  4.0.0.0/8 is directly connected, Loopback0O IA 192.168.10.0/24 [110/3] via 192.168.30.1, 00:00:58, FastEthernet1/1C  192.168.40.0/24 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/0O N2 6.0.0.0/8 [110/20] via 192.168.40.2, 00:00:58, FastEthernet0/0//OSPF NSSA External Type 2 非纯末梢区域外部路径类型2 6.0.0.0/8网段[路径110/代价20]通过192.168.40.2 时间58秒,端口F0/0O IA 192.168.20.0/24 [110/2] via 192.168.30.1, 00:00:58, FastEthernet1/1O N2 192.168.50.0/24 [110/20] via 192.168.40.2, 00:00:58, FastEthernet0/0//OSPF NSSA External Type 2 非纯末梢区域外部路径类型2 192.168.50.0/24网段[路径110/代价20]通过192.168.40.2 时间58秒,端口F0/0 路由器R5路由表显示如下:O IA 192.168.30.0/24 [110/2] via 192.168.40.1, 00:03:46, FastEthernet1/1C  5.0.0.0/8 is directly connected, Loopback0O IA 192.168.10.0/24 [110/4] via 192.168.40.1, 00:01:04, FastEthernet1/1C  192.168.40.0/24 is directly connected, FastEthernet1/1R  6.0.0.0/8 [120/1] via 192.168.50.2, 00:00:09, FastEthernet0/0//RIP 6.0.0.0/8网段[路径120/代价1]通过192.168.50.2 时间9秒,端口F0/0O IA 192.168.20.0/24 [110/3] via 192.168.40.1, 00:03:46, FastEthernet1/1C  192.168.50.0/24 is directly connected, FastEthernet0/0 路由器R6路由表显示如下:R  192.168.30.0/24 [120/10] via 192.168.50.1, 00:00:12, FastEthernet1/1R  192.168.10.0/24 [120/10] via 192.168.50.1, 00:00:12, FastEthernet1/1R  192.168.40.0/24 [120/10] via 192.168.50.1, 00:00:12, FastEthernet1/1C  6.0.0.0/8 is directly connected, Loopback0R  192.168.20.0/24 [120/10] via 192.168.50.1, 00:00:12, FastEthernet1/1C  192.168.50.0/24 is directly connected, FastEthernet1/1 Step 3: 连通性检查 正向R1连通性检查:R1#ping 192.168.10.2//R2区域1端口Type escape sequence to abort.Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 192.168.10.2, timeout is 2 seconds://正在发送5个100字节ICMP网间控制报文协议回应到192.168.10.2,超时2秒!!!!!Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 28/57/116 ms//成功率为100分之一百 (5.5),往返 最小/平均/最大 = 28/57/116 毫秒R1#ping 192.168.20.1//R2区域2端口Type escape sequence to abort.Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 192.168.20.1, timeout is 2 seconds:!!!!!Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 28/58/120 msR1#ping 192.168.20.2//R3区域2端口Type escape sequence to abort.Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 192.168.20.2, timeout is 2 seconds:!!!!!Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 64/99/168 msR1#ping 192.168.30.1//R3区域0端口Type escape sequence to abort.Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 192.168.30.1, timeout is 2 seconds:!!!!!Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 76/99/136 msR1#ping 192.168.30.2//R4区域0端口Type escape sequence to abort.Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 192.168.30.2, timeout is 2 seconds:!!!!!Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 92/112/168 msR1#ping 192.168.40.1//R4区域3端口Type escape sequence to abort.Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 192.168.40.1, timeout is 2 seconds:!!!!!Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 64/114/152 msR1#ping 192.168.40.2//R5区域3端口Type escape sequence to abort.Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 192.168.40.2, timeout is 2 seconds:!!!!!Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 124/164/248 msR1#ping 192.168.50.1//R5 RIP端口Type escape sequence to abort.Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 192.168.50.1, timeout is 2 seconds:!!!!!Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 140/180/264 msR1#ping 192.168.50.2//R6 RIP端口Type escape sequence to abort.Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 192.168.50.2, timeout is 2 seconds:!!!!!Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 156/224/308 ms反向R6连通性检查:R6#ping 192.168.50.1 Type escape sequence to abort.Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 192.168.50.1, timeout is 2 seconds:!!!!!Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 28/68/140 msR6#ping 192.168.40.2 Type escape sequence to abort.Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 192.168.40.2, timeout is 2 seconds:!!!!!Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 32/68/152 msR6#ping 192.168.40.1 Type escape sequence to abort.Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 192.168.40.1, timeout is 2 seconds:!!!!!Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 60/96/168 msR6#ping 192.168.30.2 Type escape sequence to abort.Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 192.168.30.2, timeout is 2 seconds:!!!!!Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 60/89/184 msR6#ping 192.168.30.1 Type escape sequence to abort.Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 192.168.30.1, timeout is 2 seconds:!!!!!Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 76/130/200 msR6#ping 192.168.20.2 Type escape sequence to abort.Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 192.168.20.2, timeout is 2 seconds:!!!!!Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 100/136/208 msR6#ping 192.168.20.1 Type escape sequence to abort.Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 192.168.20.1, timeout is 2 seconds:!!!!!Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 124/173/232 msR6#ping 192.168.10.2 Type escape sequence to abort.Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 192.168.10.2, timeout is 2 seconds:!!!!!Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 144/198/276 msR6#ping 192.168.10.1 Type escape sequence to abort.Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 192.168.10.1, timeout is 2 seconds:!!!!!Success rate is 100 percent (5/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 156/198/260 ms  3.实验总结 l  非纯末梢网络NSSA (Not-So-Stubby Area) 允许外部路由通告到OSPF自治系统内部,同时保留AS的其余部分的Stub区域特性。为做到这点,在NSSA区域内的ASBR将始发类型7的LSA来通告那些外部的目的网络。这些NSSA外部的LSA将在整个NSSA区域中进行泛洪,但会在ABR路由器的地方被阻塞。l  Cisco路由器可执行两种类型的地址汇总:区域间路由汇总(Inter-area summarization) 和外部路由汇总(External route summarization)。l  现实网络存在多种路由协议,且这些网络需要互联互通,那么至少有一台路由器运行多种路由协议来实现不同网络之间的通信。由此,路由重分发的问题不可避免。l  运用虚链路的目的在于:通过一个非骨干区域连接一个区域到骨干区域或通过一个非骨干区域连接一个分段的骨干区域两边的部分区域。 

     

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